Age-Related Macular Degeneration Explained

Age-Related Macular Degeneration Explained: Our Eye Doctors in Amarillo, Texas Provide Excellent Value

As we age, it’s not uncommon for our bodies to undergo various changes. One of the most significant changes that can occur is in our vision. Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a common eye condition that affects millions of Americans each year, and the residents of Amarillo, Texas are no exception. That’s why it’s crucial to have a trusted and experienced eye doctor in Amarillo who can provide exceptional care and advice when it comes to managing or preventing AMD. At Balfour Optical, our dedicated team of optometrists in Amarillo is committed to delivering excellent value to our patients by offering comprehensive eye exams, advanced diagnostic tools, and personalized treatment plans for those affected by AMD.

What is Age-Related Macular Degeneration?

Age-related macular degeneration is a degenerative eye disease that primarily affects the macula, a small, specialized area near the center of the retina responsible for sharp, central vision. As the name suggests, AMD becomes more prevalent as we get older, and it is one of the leading causes of vision loss among individuals aged 50 and above. The condition typically progresses slowly, causing a gradual loss of central vision, making it difficult to perform daily activities such as reading, driving, or recognizing faces.

Types of Age-Related Macular Degeneration

There are two main types of AMD: dry AMD and wet AMD.

1. Dry AMD: Dry AMD is the most common form, accounting for approximately 85-90% of all cases. It occurs when yellow deposits called drusen accumulate in the macula, causing thinning and dryness. Over time, this can lead to the breakdown of light-sensitive cells and the development of blind spots in the central vision.

2. Wet AMD: Although less common, wet AMD is more severe and can cause rapid and significant vision loss. It occurs when abnormal blood vessels start to grow beneath the retina and leak fluid or blood, damaging the macula. If left untreated, wet AMD can lead to permanent scarring and irreversible vision loss.

Detecting Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Regular comprehensive eye exams by an eye doctor in Amarillo are crucial for detecting age-related macular degeneration early on. At Balfour Optical, our experienced optometrists utilize advanced diagnostic tools to evaluate the health of your macula. One such tool is optical coherence tomography (OCT), a non-invasive imaging technique that provides detailed cross-sectional images of the retina. With OCT, our eye doctors in Amarillo can detect subtle changes in the macula even before significant vision loss occurs.

Prevention and Management of Age-Related Macular Degeneration

While there is no known cure for age-related macular degeneration, certain lifestyle choices and treatment options can help slow down its progression and maintain better vision. Here are a few strategies recommended by our eye doctors in Amarillo:

1. Nutritional Supplements: Studies have shown that specific high-dose antioxidants and minerals, such as vitamins C and E, zinc, lutein, and zeaxanthin, can reduce the risk of advanced AMD and slow its progression. Our optometrists can assess your individual needs and recommend the most suitable supplements for you.

2. Healthy Lifestyle: Maintaining a healthy lifestyle that includes regular exercise, a balanced diet rich in dark, leafy greens, fish, and whole grains, managing blood pressure and cholesterol levels, and avoiding smoking can significantly reduce the risk of developing AMD.

3. Monitoring: If you already have AMD, our eye doctors in Amarillo will closely monitor your condition to ensure any changes are detected early. Regular eye exams and follow-ups are crucial for managing the disease effectively.

4. Low Vision Aids: For individuals with advanced AMD and significant vision loss, low vision aids such as magnifiers, telescopic glasses, or specialized computer software can help enhance remaining vision and improve quality of life. Our knowledgeable team will guide you in selecting the most appropriate aids for your specific needs.

When Surgery Becomes Necessary

It’s important to note that while Balfour Optical does not perform surgery themselves, we have built strong relationships with reputable eye surgeons in Amarillo and can provide expert advice and referrals when cataract surgery or LASIK procedures are necessary. Our patients can trust that we have their best interests at heart and will guide them to the most qualified specialists for their specific needs.


Age-related macular degeneration can be a daunting diagnosis, but with the right team of eye specialists on your side, managing and preventing vision loss caused by AMD becomes significantly more manageable. At Balfour Optical, our dedicated eye doctors in Amarillo are committed to providing excellent value to our patients by offering comprehensive eye exams, advanced diagnostic tools, and personalized treatment plans. Whether you are concerned about AMD or any other vision-related issue, visit our clinic in Amarillo, Texas, and let us take care of your vision needs with expertise and compassion. Trust Balfour Optical to be your go-to eye doctor near you!Bottom Image for Eye doctors office in Amarillo